Malawi, officially known as the Republic of Malawi, is a landlocked country in Southeastern Africa and was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the west, Tanzania to the north and northeast, and Mozambique to the east, south and southwest. Malawi spans over 118,484 km2 (45,747 sq mi) and has an estimated population of 19,431,566 (as of January 2021).
Malawi’s capital (and the largest city) is Lilongwe. Its second-largest is Blantyre. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name for the Chewa people who inhabit the area. Lake Malawi is the famous tourism destination of this beautiful country, offering a freshwater beach paradise.
Below the waters of this inland lake a pristine freshwater ecosystem thrives. Diverse marine life, with 400 species of colourful cichlid fish, many of which are endemic, create equally magical viewings for goggle-wearing swimmers. Steep, tree covered hills enclose the lake, and sandy beaches and large granite boulders characterise its shores. Popular activities include kayaking, snorkelling, boating, and diving.