The area surrounding the Waterberg offers a landscape of mountains, wide-open plains, and grassland. The dolomite, limestone and marble hills, adjacent to the Otavi Mountain range, are millions of years old. They are riddled with caverns and pot-holes, deep gorges and underground lakes, and are home to ancient Leadwood trees, Marulas, Wild Fig, White Syringa, Dombeya, Mearua, Carrot trees and Nettle trees. Waterberg itself is a 150m high plateau of vividly coloured sandstone rising out of the surrounding plains like a towering oasis. Up to 16km wide, the top of the plateau is covered with lush vegetation and offers habitat to many rare and endangered species such as sable and roan antelope, tsessebe and white rhino.